Selecting the Ideal Raw Steel Material for Fabrication

There are numerous materials in the modern market that are ideal for different metal fabrication projects. The choice will affect the longevity of fabricated items, the project costs, machinability and general performance of the metal products. One of the most advantageous materials in the current industrial sector is steel. The metal is relatively economical, has high strength and is durable. In addition, there are different types of steel materials with different properties that you can choose from depending on the project requirements. Here is a brief description of the three primary steel materials to consider when selecting fabrication metal commodities.

Carbon Steel

Steel is manufactured by combining iron with other elements. The primary substance used in this process is carbon, so carbon steel is essentially the standard steel. This material is ideal for fabricating different metal products, particularly in the construction industry. Basically, carbon steel does not have a specified minimum content of other elements, though it is not unusual to find a low content of metals like molybdenum, chromium and cobalt. The carbon steels in the market have different properties depending on the carbon content. Therefore, it is important to discuss this aspect with your fabricator. For instance, high-carbon steel is considerably harder and stronger, but it has reduced machinability.

Alloy Steel

Alloy steel is raw steel material that is combined or alloyed with other types of elements. This process is designed to improve the mechanical properties of the steel and, consequently, the performance of the product. In simple terms, alloy steel should have an additional element apart from carbon. The new properties in the steel will depend on the type of additional alloy material used in your chosen stock. The common improved attributes in the steel include the wear resistance, strength, hardness and corrosion resistance. The main materials used in the alloy include nickel, chromium, silicon and manganese. For example, silicon can increase magnetic properties of steel and boron will improve steel hardness.

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel is probably the most well-known alloy steel in the metal fabrication industry. This material is manufactured by adding a significant content of chromium into carbon steel. Stainless steel is ideal for your fabrication requirements if you are concerned about rust and general corrosion. Simply speaking, the iron in steel makes the material susceptible to accelerated rusting when exposed to moisture and saline air. The chromium will protect the metal from these detriments, reducing the risk of staining and unexpected wear. Additionally, chromium content will increase the hardenability of the metal and, subsequently, the product lifespan.

To learn more about steel types and their uses, contact a representative from a company like Prestige Steelcraft.